1. Unearthed    Pavilion exploring the typology of the (Company’s) Gardens

  2. On the Grounds of Intersections

  3. The Living Room

  4. Temporary Sleeping Space

  5. Parts of a Whole

  6. Beyond the Unswept Floor

  7. Research Projects



On the Grounds of Intersectionality

‘On the Grounds of Intersections’ is a design for a public park on the rooftop of Zuidplein, Rotterdam. The concept and design were inferred by the site itself, as my research and site analysis was on the grounds of internationality. I started the project by going to the site and conducting interviews about how residents would like the space to be used and what they feel that the area is lacking.

Zuidplein is an area that is home to many migrant communities. Zuid is also one of the poorest areas  of the in Rotterdam, and the Netherlands. This raises questions concerning race, class and the distribution of wealth and privilege.

Zuidplein is a location that embodies these intersections in a literal sense. As a traffic junction and shopping mall, hundreds of people pass through there every day. It is the economic and social center of the south, but the use of space is telling of the complex and intersecting social and political issues that shape the lives of the inhabitants of the area. By designing a rooftop in this location, I wanted to create a public space for people in the community.

Just as wealth and access to resources, access to nature is unequally distributed in our society. In order to do justice to the complexity of the location, one has to consider social concerns as well as the implications of the inclusion of nature. There are many environmental benefits to creating green rooftops such as flood prevention, water retention and improved air quality for the surrounding neighbourhood. Local communities as well as environmental factors must be central in the development of such public space.

Hence, my design for the rooftop holds equal importance to the social and environmental concerns.

Different species of perrennial and biodraining shrubs, grasses and small trees are arranged throughout garden. This diverse collection of plants ensure biodiversity and maximise water retention and flood prevention. The range of species was selected to ensure that there will always be at least two species flowering or staying green throughout the all the seasons.

Design Process

My design itself was based on the intersections of the site. The plan of the roof plays with negative space. These shapes were derived from the outlining of the surrounding neighboroods of Zuidplein and then the intersection then on the rooftop. This reflects the idea of creating a space for everyone to come together.