emma 

kibel



  1. Unearthed    Pavilion exploring the typology of the (Company’s) Gardens

  2. On the Grounds of Intersections

  3. The Living Room

  4. Temporary Sleeping Space

  5. Parts of a Whole

  6. Beyond the Unswept Floor

  7. Research Projects









contact       
emmakibel123@gmail.com

emma 
kibel



Ecological Mapping of the spined loach and
Nature Inclusive Design




This project researched the biodiversity in the city of Rotterdam and how to promote more biodiversity after the industrialisation and urbanisation of this city. This project focused on researching the presence and absence of keystone species, a filter-feeder fish, the spined loach which has a declining population in urban contexts through urbanisation.  Our research revealed that the main threat to the spined loach is eutrophication and the current response to this is sand addition dredging, and cleaning. The habitat of the spined loach is mainly the small canals and water bodies and these are greatly affected by eutrophication the Netherlands has a capillary network of water bodies, that connect agricultural land and cities through the water flow. This allows the excess nutrient runoff from the nearby farms to flow into the water systems of Rotterdam thus, threatening the existence of the spined loach. Our nature-inclusive solution was threefold, one approach being the addition of more indigenous reed species that naturally lower the presence of excess nutrients and increase biodiversity. The other approaches are policy change and citizen engagement. These three approaches combined allow for the decrease in eutrophication in the water systems in the city of Rotterdam and thus the increase of the habitat of the spined loach, and the increase in biodiversity. This was a group project and I focusses on the nautre inclusive design element and thus this is the part I included.







Our nature-based solution was to plant more reeds along the river bed of canals and water bodies.  Cattails and Soft rush act as a filtration system, taking out the excess nutrients in the water, thus preventing eutrophication. By preventing eutrophication, the addition of these plants promote

DIAGRAM SHOWING THE PRESENCE OF EUTROPHICATION AND LACK OF BIODIVERSITY IN THE CURRENT CANALS